: Home
 
 

Turtle

E-mail Print PDF

The tortoise lives on land without the need for the permanence of a river to live.
Turtles are reptiles, so the cold-blooded animals possessing no temperature control(hibernation, estivation). They have a natural defense: the shell.
It consists of two parts, the carapace and plastron.
The various scales that allow us to compose the identificatio

 


Centrochelys (Geochelone) sulcata
English = spurred AFRICAN TORTOISE
Grooved TORTOISE

SYSTEMATIC

- Class = Reptiles
- Order Testudines =
- S / o = Cryptodires
- Family = Testudinidae


GENERAL APPEARANCE


The tortoise lives on land without the need for the permanence of a river to live.
Turtles are reptiles, so the cold-blooded animals possessing no temperature control (hibernation, estivation). They have a natural defense: the shell.
It consists of two parts, the carapace and plastron.
The various scales that comprise allow us to identify

There are turtles, family Tryonychidae, which have a soft shell. The carapace and plastron are covered with soft leather

Sexual dimorphism
Males have a scale subjugulaire forked at the front of plastroon they use for their rivals back in fighting sex.

DIFFERENCE MALE / FEMALE

- The female weighs less than 60 kg and is smaller than the male

LIFESTYLE

Turtles have no teeth, the upper and lower jaws are covered with a very sharp horny beak.

POWER


It is generally considered as vegetarian tortoises (phytophagous), which can raise a few lettuce leaves. Unfortunately, a turtle fed only lettuce will not make old bones. In the wild, turtles eat different grasses, leaves, flowers, buds, fruit, bark fragments.
In captivity the diet = more balanced as closely as possible to its natural diet. Many turtles are suffering from a diet too rich (gout, liver atrophy, deformation of the shell
In captivity, the majority of their diet consists of plants: the succulent leaves wilted. Hay and cabbage and lettuce are preferred. In the wild they can occasionally eat the remains of dead goats and zebu.
Also eat the turtle crossed the feces of other animals and his family captive. This contributes to its need for calcium, minerals and organic matter. This trend is more prominent in males. Water is a scarce resource in its original habitat, the animal is able to go without drinking for several months.


REPRODUCTION


Mating in the morning or after a heavy rain, a period when temperatures are coolest.
Males are able to browse sulcata average distances of 10-20 km to meet a female, but it can reach 100 km.
Pet
It is a pet receiving the protection of the rights in exchange for his presence, for its beauty. Because of their long presence in the side of man, they were the subject of a domestication

MEASUREMENTS


- Size / = sexual maturity from 35 to 50 cm
- Weight / sexual maturity = 15 - 20 kg
- Weight / Age Adult = One hundred Kg

PHYSIOLOGY

- Longevity = Similar to that of humans but can live 150 years =
- Length / Age adult = 80 cm
- Period / = spawning in October and May
- Number eggs / spawning = 15 -20
- Weight = 25 -70 g egg
- Duration / = 129 days incubation



GEOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTION

The African Spurred Tortoise is native to northern central Africa. Its range is spread over 8000 km, length from west to east over a width of 500-700 km. The species is generally found in the following countries: Senegal, Mauritania, Mali, Burkina Faso, Benin, Niger, Cameroon, Chad, Central African Republic, Sudan, Eritrea, Ethiopia .
Ferlo in Senegal =, captive in the village of Turtle Sangalkam

HABITAT

Its natural habitat is so vast, that spurred tortoise can live in different habitats dry sub-desert or even see the desert (Sahara). Temperatures are extremely hot during the day: 40-45 ° C, however at night the temperatures can drop to 15 ° C overnight. The temperature range is between 45-50 ° C and 3-21 ° C. Annual rainfall between 100 mm and 1100 mm, reaching an average of 534 mm per year.

 
 
 
 
left direction
right direction
Petit singe 2
Chimpanzés
Tigre2
Famille de lions
Puma
tiger
baboon
little Monkey
chimpanzee
Lion
antelope